Inspired by Labour Day demonstrations in Toronto, Mathew McGuire brought the concept to the USA.
Here a link to a brief article about the first Labour Day parade in 1872:
Socialism is linked in this print to a better life for all who toil. All the demands of the Labour Unions and farm labourers are on the ribbons, the abolition of privilege, the land for the people, the eight hour day, employer liability for injuries and adult suffrage. But also the dream of a better personal life, freedom from starvation, “A life worth living”.
We have come a long way since 1894 but the struggle has not stopped, both to protect what we have won and to fulfil all the other hopes inscribed in the print.
The Hope of Labour is the Welfare of All
The origins of Labour Day in Canada trace back 140 years to 1872 and a parade held in support of a Toronto union’s strike for a 58-hour work week. Back then, union activity was illegal in Canada and 24 workers were jailed for their role in the strike.
An outcry of support and rally on September 3 of 1873 led Prime Minister John A. MacDonald to commit to repealing the law banning union activity, helping to lay the groundwork for real progress for working people.
Since 1894, when Prime Minister John Thompson declared Labour Day an official holiday, working people have celebrated our gains and honored those who fought for the rights and privileges we enjoy today.
Unfortunately, the last 30 years has seen a troubling growth in inequality in our society.
From World War II through 1980, working people shared equally in the gains of productivity with shareholders and owners through higher wages and improved purchasing power. But from 1980 forward, while productivity increased at an even greater rate, workers’ wages stagnated and all gains of productivity have gone to owners and senior executives.
Today’s middle class family feels like they are having a harder time making ends meet, because they are. Meanwhile, the rich have never been so rich.
On this Labour Day, however, I look forward with optimism that we are turning a corner towards greater equality.
Front-line workers in BC’s public service are negotiating for fair and reasonable wage increases. And despite the intransigence of Christy Clark and Kevin Falcon, polling consistently shows that women and men across British Columbia support these workers in their simple demand to not fall further behind or lose rights they and their predecessors fought to secure.
British Columbians want a fair and equitable society, and they recognize that the front-line workers in our schools, hospitals, and social and government services are an important part of that society.
In the private sector, workers are once again negotiating agreements that see them share in the gains of their productivity and the value of their work. Recent agreements between workers and companies like Rio Tinto and Teck Resources have put more income in the pockets of workers, and boosted the fortunes of local communities.
Tax cuts for corporations and the wealthy are too often invested in overseas companies or simply held as cash, creating no local economic activity. But when working people earn more, they tend to spend it in their own communities.
Just ask business owners in Trail, where employees of Teck Resources, represented by the United Steelworkers, negotiated a $10,000 signing bonus earlier this year. Trail businesses in every sector, from auto sales to restaurants to retail, immediately reported a significant increase in economic activity in their community.
These agreements are setting a pattern for wage growth for all working people, whether in a union or not. This is good news for working and middle class families and it’s also good news for our economy.
Liveable communities are anchored in a strong middle class and it was unions who were responsible for the development of the middle class.
This Labour Day, as investment bankers and CEOs fight to hold on to a greater and greater share of the wealth working people generate, unions remain as relevant as they were 140 years ago when our predecessors fought to reduce the work week to fewer than 60 hours.
We continue to fight for better work and better lives for all Canadians, and I am hopeful that we are turning a corner towards better times for us all.